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kannin-dokuson-2-edited
Sensei introduced us in November to “controlling the space with Mutō Dori”, and last week for the first class of 2017, he said the yearly theme to be Kannin Dokuson, “mutual respect.”
Each time Sensei comes up with a new theme for the year, it is important to read “between the lines” to follow Sensei’s train of thoughts. So, hereafter are a few possible hints to help us get it.
In a few days, we are entering the year of the fire rooster. (1)
Traditionally the fire rooster is called “Hō Ō”, the Phoenix. (2)
When you study the two kanji, you have 鳳 the male phoenix, and 凰, the female Phoenix. In other words, it is a representation of the Taichi, the Inyō (yinyang) of Taoism.
Inyō is represented by “zero” as we established recently in previous posts. Controlling the space means “balancing harmoniously” this complementarity between Uke and Tori during the exchange. This is the essence of Mutō Dori.
At the Shidōshikai meeting, Sensei developed his vision of “Kannin Dokuson”.
From a post by my friend Alex Esteve from Spain, Sensei was referring to “la integración y perseverancia en el respeto mutuo, respetarse y respetar al oponente”.
The way I understand it in English is to: “persevere to integrate Mutual respect, self-respect, and respect for the opponent (in our actions).”
This is the Sanshin of 2017!
But Kannin Dokuson is more than that. (3) And I will write more about it in my next entry.
________________________
1. Each Chinese zodiacal sign is linked to one of the 5 chinese elements (earth, metal, wood, air, fire). Last year was the fire monkey.
2. 鳳凰, Hō Ō, Chinese firebird; Chinese phoenix
3. 貫忍 独貴
KAN
一貫/ikkan/consistency; coherence; integration
貫/kan
NIN
忍/nin/endurance; forbearance; patience; self-restraint
DOKU
独り/hitori/one person|alone; solitary
SON
尊/son/tattobu/to value; to prize; to esteem; to respect; revered; noble
Arnaud COUSERGUE

Uke, aïte, uchi-dachi, uke-dachi, bref, l’autre ! celui qui perd !

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3 Janvier 2017 , Rédigé par Léo Tamaki Publié dans #Budo – Bujutsu

Pascal Krieger est l’un des rares adeptes à avoir une expérience reconnue dans le Budo et le Bujutsu. Maître de calligraphie, il a longuement vécu au Japon. Il partage dans cet article son apprentissage et ses réflexions sur le rôle du partenaire dans la pratique martiale.

Uke, aïte, uchi-dachi, uke-dachi, bref, l'autre ! celui qui perd !

Dans toutes les disciplines martiales traditionnelles ou modernes (Kobudo/Shin-budo – ou Gendaï Budo), et dans tous les arts martiaux traditionnels ou modernes (Kobujutsu/Shinbujutsu) dans lesquels le travail se fait à deux, il y a celui qui fait la technique et celui qui la subit, qui la reçoit, ou qui la rend possible, cela dépend de l’attitude de cette personne sans qui on ne peut démontrer une technique donnée.

Le nom japonais de ce “faire-valoir” change selon la discipline. Pour les disciplines à mains nues, c’est en général “uke” (celui qui reçoit) qui fait face à “tori” (celui qui prend). Lorsqu’il s’agit de disciplines armées, les termes “uke-dachi” (le sabre qui reçoit) ou “uchi-dachi” (le sabre qui frappe) sont en général utilisés. Personnellement, je préfère le terme “aï-te” pour toutes les disciplines à cause du sens d’égalité qu’il implique: “Aï” (ensemble, mutuel, réciproque) et “Te” (main). D’autant plus que chacun est l’aï-te de l’autre.

Calligraphies de Pascal Krieger

Calligraphies de Pascal Krieger

Depuis que j’ai commencé l’étude du Budo en 1963 en tant que judoka de 18 ans, j’ai vu, en Europe, aux Etats-Unis (où j’ai vécu 2 ans) et au Japon (où j’ai vécu 6 ans) toutes les figures possibles de “aï-te”. Très souvent, et surtout dans les arts à mains nues (mais pas seulement), le “faire-valoir” (bien loin du sens de “aï-te”) est moins expérimenté. Il subit des réponses violentes aux attaques qui lui sont imposées, résultant parfois en des blessures plus ou moins graves. J’ai moi-même subi, dans plusieurs arts, ces violences dont je porte encore les marques. Et je suis loin d’être innocent sur ce point-là, je n’ai pas non plus toujours montré les égards dont je parle dans cet article aux ukes qui étaient en face de moi.

Ce n’est qu’avec le temps et l’expérience que j’ai changé d’attitude concernant le rôle de “uke”. J’avais eu d’excellents exemples du rôle de “uke”, mais je n’ai pas su les voir à l’époque.

Shinto ryu Kenjutsu, Nishioka Tsunemori senseï et Pascal Krieger

Shinto ryu Kenjutsu, Nishioka Tsunemori senseï et Pascal Krieger

La compréhension de ce rôle de “aï-te” m’est apparue soudainement il y a une trentaine d’années. Dans un “randori” (combat libre, sans arbitrage) de Judo assez énergique, j’attaquais à fond avec un mouvement de hanche. Mon “aï-te” l’esquiva et rentra le même mouvement à gauche. Cela réussit au-delà de ses espérances. On s’est envolé tous les deux pour retomber sur le tatami, lui dessus, moi dessous. C’est à ce moment-là que j’ai eu mon petit “satori” (illumination). On s’est regardé complètement émerveillés par ce qui venait de se passer. Que l’un soit dessus et l’autre dessous n’avait juste aucune importance. C’était la parfaite synchronisation de nos deux mouvements qui avait créé ce petit miracle. On s’est souri béatement, on s’est relevés, puis mon adversaire m’a dit: “Je n’ai jamais fait un mouvement aussi parfait !”. Je lui ai répondu: “Moi non plus.”. Nous avons alors réalisé l’un et l’autre que ce qui venait de nous arriver était dû au fait qu’on était deux ! Que ce mouvement n’aurait pu avoir lieu sans que l’autre soit là. Dès lors, mon attitude envers le partenaire, l’adversaire, bref, l’autre! a changée du tout au tout. Il n’y avait plus un gagnant et un perdant, tout juste deux gars qui n’avaient fait qu’un dans un mouvement merveilleux !

Mifune Kyuzo, légende du Judo

Mifune Kyuzo, légende du Judo

Mais c’est à travers les disciplines martiales traditionnelles que j’ai mieux compris ce qu’était le rôle de “aïte, uke, uchi-dachi, etc”. Dans le Jodo (la Voie du bâton), par exemple, uchi-dachi (celui qui tient le sabre et prend le rôle de Uke) était toujours d’un grade supérieur. Pendant 6 années, aux entraînements libres du Rembukan à Tokyo, je ne touchais pratiquement pas le sabre. J’étais un perpétuel “tori” ou “shi-dachi”. Lorsque je posais la question à Me Shimizu Takaji, il me répondit que si l’on voulait que “tori, shi-dachi” progresse, il lui fallait un “uke, uchi-dachi” mieux entraîné que lui. En fait le meilleur “uke, uchi-dachi” est le Maître lui-même car son attaque sera la meilleure qui soit, et si “tori, shi-dachi” peut répondre à cette attaque convenablement, c’est qu’il a compris la technique. Pour moi c’était donc le monde à l’envers !

Quand je fus assez avancé pour prendre le rôle de “uke, uchi-dachi”, ce fut un nouveau “satori”. Avec le débutant, je faisais des coupes généreuses, pas trop rapides, pour que “tori, shi-dachi” me voit bien arriver et puisse effectuer la technique appropriée pour me contrer et me contrôler. Puis, progressivement, je “resserrais les boulons”, faisant des coupes plus rapides, laissant moins de place et de temps, jusqu’à ce que mon adversaire adapte sa technique à mon nouveau rythme, et ainsi de suite… C’est là que j’ai compris que le rôle de “uke” était en fait un rôle d’enseignant.

Pascal Krieger, uke

Pascal Krieger, uke

C’est alors que je me suis souvenu que j’avais été surpris de voir, au Kodokan (le Dojo central de Judo au Japon) un 9ème dan (ceinture rouge) prendre le rôle de “uke” lors d’une démonstration du Kime no Kata avec pour “tori” un 6ème dan (ceinture rouge et blanche). J’étais quelque peu choqué de voir ce Maître, clairement plus âgé que “tori” “gicler” à gauche, à droite, effectuant des chutes impeccables. J’en comprenais alors la raison. Et je comprenais aussi que le principe de “uke” étant supérieur en technique à “tori” n’était pas l’apanage des disciplines martiales traditionnelles, mais était un principe généralement admis.

Même si cette vision des choses s’est un peu perdue actuellement, je pense que ce qui précède garde toute sa pertinence. Si vous voulez progresser, vous ne pouvez le faire que mieux avec un attaquant qui sait ce qu’il fait, aussi bien que vous, sinon mieux.

Dans le cas où votre “uke, uchi-dachi” aurait moins d’expérience que vous, cela ne devrait pas empêcher une attitude respectueuse envers celui sans qui vous ne pourriez pas démontrer/effectuer la technique que vous voulez faire. C’est votre façon de vous adapter à sa vitesse, puissance et peut-être imparfaite attaque qui fera de votre technique un mouvement harmonieux.

Le but de ce travail à deux reste avant tout dans l’optique d’un des deux principes fondamentaux mis en avant par Me Jigoro Kano (fondateur du Judo): Ji-ta kyo-eï (bénéfice mutuel).

Kano Jigoro, fondateur du Judo

Kano Jigoro, fondateur du Judo

C’est là que j’ai compris que le rôle de “uke” était en fait un rôle d’enseignant.

Bio-express

Pascal Krieger est né en 1945 en Suisse. Il débute le Judo à l’âge de 18 ans, et part au Japon. Il y fera la connaissance de Donn Draeger, qui l’introduira auprès de maîtres qui lui enseigneront en parallèle du Judo le Jodo, le Iaïdo et le Shodo. Pascal Krieger passera six ans au Japon en deux séjours de longue durée. Il est Menkyo Kaïden de l’école Shinto Muso ryu de Jodo. Auteur de “Jodo, la voie du bâton”, Pascal Krieger enseigne au Shung Do Kwan de Genève www.sdkbudo.ch.

Source : http://www.leotamaki.com/2017/01/uke-aite-uchi-dachi-uke-dachi-bref-l-autre-celui-qui-perd.html?utm_source=_ob_email&utm_medium=_ob_notification&utm_campaign=_ob_pushmail

The 虚実 Kyojitsu of Control: Bujinkan Strategies of Control Part 3

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渡月橋 togetsukyō at 六義園 rikugien. photo by Michael Glenn

Hatsumi Sensei puffed out his chest. His attacker went to grab with both hands, but then Soke collapsed the target. It was like he shrugged the attack away, tossing his opponent aside.

If you have been following my training notes, then you know that this kyojitsu of offering a target is one of the Bujinkan strategies of control that I have been writing about since my recent training with Hatsumi Sensei. He explained that he was teaching control to the Jugodans. He said he wasn’t teaching technique.

I managed to get a few pictures of the snow around the Bujinkan Hombu dojo that morning before class. A few days later it had all melted away. If you are not careful as a Bujinkan teacher, your own days as a student will melt away too.

Soke said that people in sports do technique, but we are trying to have a flow that can’t be copied. Flow is the most important thing in a fight.. This is why he teaches this way. He told us,

“You have to become the kind of person who cannot be copied.”

When Soke puffed out his chest this way, he was offering his opponent an illusion. The target was not real. He used the word 的 mato and told us to control by creating a target.

The way he moved his shoulders was very loose. And next, he made us all laugh by wiggling his ears. He did this to show how you control the opponent by having this very precise control over your own body first.

When he asked me to grab him, he did this with his shoulder and then I went flying through the air. He said,

“I’m lifting the shoulder with this kind of kyojitsu. You have to be able to move every part of your body.”

You offer the target as the 虚 kyo, or illusion. Then hit him with the 実 jistu or the truth. Another time Soke did this with a sword. He blocked the cut with his own sword. But he left his face right in front of his opponent’s blade. It did not look safe!

But this target was an illusion. As soon as the opponent tried to cut, Soke pivoted and hit him hard with the tsuba in the ribs. He looked around the dojo at our confused faces and said,

“Everyone tries to use the sword and that’s why you’re missing the kyojitsu. Kyo comes first and then jitsu.”

When you control your opponent with illusion, you don’t even have to fight at all. In fact, you never have to touch him. Hatsumi Sensei said we could feel it in the air. He used the phrase 空気で殺気 kuuki de sakki.

This can be thought of as sensing the intent of the enemy in the air. But it is also projecting your own threat into the air. It is like you strike with the air or the kukan itself! How does that work?

Many of us have felt this from Hatsumi Sensei. He did this to my friend Yabunaka-san. I watched when Yabu hesitated and then froze up. Next he stumbled right before Soke would have broke his arm. Hatsumi Sensei asked Yabunaka to describe this feeling. Yabunaka said that you feel like he is striking you even when he is not.

This is the opposite of presenting a target as an illusion. You strike with illusion! In fact, Hatsumi Sensei told us that this was 遠当之術 tōate no jutsu (or even 遠當之術). This is striking from a distance.

But Soke said he was not using tōate for striking, he was using it for control. For me, that moment was a big key to my whole trip and my efforts to understand Hatsumi Sensei’s current teachings.

I was lucky to be invited to uke for Soke in almost every class. And these experiences were like a gift. Every day that I train in Japan or in my own classes, I feel humbled by the generosity of my teachers and students. I hope you can have that in your training as well.

Michael GLENN
Source : https://bujinkansantamonica.blogspot.fr/2017/01/the-kyojitsu-of-control-bujinkan.html

Un Tsuki a la existencia

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Yagyu-Munenori

“Según el famoso maestro de artes marciales Yagyū Munenori, expresa que: “ En un momento de existencia, se lanza un tsuki a la existencia; en un momento de no existencia, se lanza un tsuki a la no existencia. Igualmente, sin esperar la existencia, se lanza un ataque a la existencia. En ese sentido, se dice que la existencia es existencia, y la no existencia es también existencia”.

Nota:

Yagyū Munenori ( 柳生宗矩 1571 – 1646) fue un maestro de espada , fundador del estilo  Yagyū Shinkage-Ryu , que había aprendido de su padre Yagyū “Sekishūsai” Muneyoshi . Este fue uno de los dos estilos de espada oficiales patrocinadas por el shogunato Tokugawa (el otro siendo Itto-Ryu ). Munenori comenzó su carrera en la administración Tokugawa como hatamoto , un administrador directo de la casa Tokugawa, y más tarde tuvo su ingreso de 10.000 koku , haciendo de él un menor Fudai daimyo (señor vasallo al servicio de la Tokugawa), con tierras alrededor de su aldea ancestral de Yagyū-zato. También recibió el título de Tajima no Kami (但馬守).

Source : https://tenryuden.wordpress.com/2016/11/10/un-tsuki-a-la-existencia/

勝負いなく Shōbu Inaku: Bujinkan Strategies of Control Part 2

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Hatsumi Sensei’s dynamic kamae. Photo by Michael Glenn

In the first article on Bujinkan Strategies of Control, I described one of the times I attacked Hatsumi Sensei. Anyone who has been Soke’s uke can tell you the same thing. What it looks like and what it feels like are very different!

One common thing we all feel from him is that he disappears. I know that sounds odd, but it’s like he’s there in front of you, then he’s not. In fact, last week he explained how this is one of his strategies for control. He told us to,

“Move naturally like this as they’re coming in. Move naturally without making a fight of it.”

That was the English translation but Soke used the the words 勝負いなく shōbu inaku meaning that there is no fight or the fight disappears. Shōbu implies a contest or a match where victory or defeat is decided. Since we don’t study sports martial arts, we are not attached to either of these outcomes.

いなくなる inakunaru means to disappear. Or, in a definition that will help us understand this strategy, it means “to stop being”. Any fight, match, or contest requires at least two combatants. What happens if one disappears?

This starts internally. You have to remove yourself from the idea of winning or losing. Or even that there is any fight to win or lose. When you step outside of that small world where the fight exists, you will find it very easy to control the situation.

Hatsumi Sensei watched all of us trying to do that. He likes to stand in the back of the dojo on the wood floor and observe us. Sometimes I will even see him stand right in the middle of the room watching. He saw that many of us were still trying to fight, so he said we should leave that attitude at home…

“In your own training it’s ok to punch and fight like this, but here we’re studying control.”

He told us we are not learning to exchange blows. That is what happens in sports martial arts, people exchange blows until victory or defeat is decided. Sometimes by judges! But there are no judges in real combat.

Instead Hatsumi Sensei told us to play in the space. It’s not fighting. This is how we learn how to control in the space.

When you understand this at a deep level, two critical changes happen in your training:

First, by not showing that you’re fighting, you disappear from the fight. This is not just a psychological trick. You can learn to physically disappear from the fight.

I felt this when I tried to grab Hatsumi Sensei’s arm. He was teaching tehodoki. When I went to grab he just disappeared. He reappeared after I flew through the air and landed on my back.

And second, you make the fight itself disappear. This causes the opponent to lose strength and ability to fight. Hatsumi Sensei showed me this aspect another time when I stabbed at him. The way he smiled at me, and his kiai in that moment, caused my attack to just deflate because he was not fighting me.

Hatsumi Sensei said again and again that コントロール kontorooru is this year’s theme. Not fighting… just controlling. It’s not a waza or technique that can be taught.

In fact there is only one clear way to learn it. That is through direct experience with Hatsumi Sensei or with a teacher who has had that experience. Then you can learn what Soke means when he tells us that he is not fighting. He says he is just following the path of kami (神の道 kami no michi). We would be smart to follow his lead.

Michael GLENN
Source : https://bujinkansantamonica.blogspot.fr/2016/12/shobu-inaku-bujinkan-strategies-of.html

The Sanryaku and Gyokko Ryu

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Sensei actually talked about this three weeks ago but it has taken me a bit to get it sorted out.

“There are many famous books about Heiho, military strategy, and one of them is the Sanryaku三略.  The Sanryaku is, as the Kanji in the name state, three stratagem.  The Jo, Chu and Ge, or upper, middle and lower.  While some Densho have a Shoden, Chuden and Okuden with the Shoden being the easiest and the Okuden/Okugi being the hardest the Sanryaku is divided into three sections not based on level.  The Jo no Maki, or upper book should not be considered to be any “easier” or “harder” than the middle or lower books.”

More on this book in English here.

Unsui Sensei then drew a parallel to the three scrolls of Gyokko Ryu:

“The Joryaku of Gyokko Ryu is taijutsu where both are unarmed.  The Churyaku deals with doing Mutodori against a short sword/knife while the Geryaku no maki has Muto dori against an opponent armed with a Katana.  Each scroll is important in its own right and, just like the Sanryaku, should not be thought in terms of levels.  It is important to keep this difference in mind when training Gyokko Ryu.”

The images are from a Japanese edition published in the nineteenth year of the Tensho 天正 Emperor 1591.  The are the first pages of the Jo, Chu and Ge Ryaku chapters in all their scribbly Kanbun glory.  Remember the Kana on the right side of each column are the verb endings and whatnot while the marks that look like the numbers one and two on the left side show how to reorder the sentences into Japanese grammar.  The red lines usually link words while the dots indicate other…stuff, like breaks in passages and emphasis.

Do you doubt?

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25 Monday Jun 2007

A very important point was made by Noguchi Shihan a few weeks ago. This comment has rang through my mind, and I’m compelled to write about it now.

 

Noguchi Shihan told us that “if you doubt your technique or ability, then you should just leave”.  At first glance, this may seem like a harsh comment, but it maybe one that will save your life.

 

Confidence is a very important aspect if not the most important aspect of martial arts and combat.  In budo, we have the specific term “Shin Gi Tai” that refers to the 3 aspects of mind, body and spirit or a more direct translation of Mind, technique and body.  All 3 must be in alignment for mastery of a martial art. Without the confidence of mind then the other two will not follow.  How can you expect to be skilled if you don’t have the confidence?

 

Soke often makes reference to “Luck” and how it works with us and against us in life.  Therefore, we must have the confidence that we will conjure only the “good” type of luck and not doubt the outcome.

 

As I stated before in an earlier post, technique is basic and should not be forgotten, but currently there is little value attached to technique. It is expected that one has trained long enough to understand this, or at least be training with someone who does.

 

If you are in a real conflict, you have to be 100% sure that you will succeed or you are handicapping yourself in a potential life or death situation.

 

I’m 100% confident that this is why Noguchi Shihan said, “if you doubt yourself or your technique then you should just leave”.  

In shinkengata, there is no room for doubt.  You must win, it is that simple.

Doug WILSON

Source : https://henka.wordpress.com/2007/06/25/do-you-doubt/